Complete Reference To Indus Valley Civilisation-History

    1. The Indus Valley Civilisation is known by Harappan Culture or Harappan Civilization
    2. Harappa was the first Indus Valley Civilisation site to be discovered that’s why Indus Valley Civilisation is also known as the Harappan Civilisation
    3. The Indus Valley Civilisation is listed among the three early civilizations of the Old World. Which are the other two civilizations listed in this elite list? – Mesopotamian Civilization and the Egyptian Civilization (Some historians also add Chinese civilization in this elite list)
    4. Among the three early civilizations of the Old World (Mesopotamia, Egypt and Indus Valley), which was spread over the largest area? – Indus Valley Civilization (It was spread over 1.25 million kms)
    5. Span of the Indus Valley Civilization? – From 3300 B.C. to 1300 B.C.

  1. What was the mature period of the Indus Valley Civilization, i.e., the period during which this civilization reached its zenith as far as its development is concerned? – From 2600 B.C. to 1900 B.C.
  2. The Indus Valley Civilisation is kept in which broader classification according to its era? – Bronze Age
  3. Distinct features of the Indus Valley Civilisation? – High level of urban planning, use of baked bricks in construction, highly efficient drainage and water supply systems and apart from presence of residential buildings the existence of large non-residential building too
  4. The ruins of Harappa were discovered for the first time by British officer? – Charles Masson (in 1842)
  5. What was the name of the first Director General of the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) who discovered large amount of brick quarries around Harappa? – Sir Alexander Cunningham (He discovered large deposits of baked bricks around Harappa during laying of the railway track between Karachi and Lahore in 1856)
  6. Who is often known as the father of Indian archeology? – Sir Alexander Cunningham
  7. Who discovered and published the first seal found around Harappa? – Sir Alexander Cunningham (During 1872-75)
  8. The formal discovery of Harappa was done in  year? – 1921
  9. Who was the Director General of the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) when the discovery of Harappa was made? – Sir John Hubert Marshall
  10. Harappa is situated on the banks of which river? – Ravi River (in Punjab Province of Pakistan)
  11. Which Indian archaeologist is generally associated with the discovery of Harappa in 1921? – Daya Ram Sahni (along with another Indian archaeologist Madho Sarup Vats)
  12. In which year was the city of Mohenjo-daro discovered? – in 1922
  13. Which Indian archaeologist is generally associated with the discovery of Mohenjo-daro? – Rakhaldas  Banerji (also known as Rakhaldas Bandyopadhyaya)
  14. Mohenjo-daro is situated on the banks of which river? – Indus River (Sindh province of Pakistan)
  15. In which year a formal announcement about discovery of the highly urbanized civilization of Indus Valley was made by Sir John Hubert Marshall? – 1924 (This discovery mainly comprised of Harappa and Mohenjo-daro)

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