Bangladeshian national parliament passed a historic proposal after 43 years of the country’s independence from Pakistan.
- Proposal says that the rape victims of the Bangladesh Liberation War in 1971 will get their long overdue recognition as freedom fighters. Rape victims who are identified as Biranganas- War heroins and their children will get the state facilities as provided to other freedom fighters. Announced by Liberation war affairs minister AKM Mozammed Haque.
- During the liberation war Pakistan military personnels and their cohorts raped between 2,00,000 and 4,00,000 women. These rapes caused thousands of preganancies, biths of war babies, abortions and even suicides.
- The Bangladesh Liberation War was a revolutionary independence war that results in the establishment of republic of Bangladesh.The war pitted East Pakistan and West Pakistan, and lasted over duration of nine months.
- The war broke out on 26 March 1971, when the Pakistan army launched a military operation called Operation Searchlight against Bengali civilians, students and armed personnel, who were demanding that the Pakistan military junta accepts the results of the 1970 first democratic elections of Pakistan, which were won by eastern party.
- Bengali politicians and army officers announced the declaration of Bangladesh’s independence in response to Operation Searchlight. Bengali military, paramilitary and civilians formed the Mukti Bahini (“Liberation Army”), which engaged in guerrilla warfare against Pakistani forces.
- India entered the war on 3 December 1971, after Pakistan launched pre-emptive air strikes on northern India. Overwhelmed by two war fronts, Pakistani defences soon collapsed.
- On 16 December, the Allied Forces of Bangladesh and India defeated Pakistan in the east.
- The first night of war on Bengalis, which is documented in telegrams from the American Consulate in Dacca to the United States State Department, saw indiscriminate killings of students of Dacca University and other civilians. Numerous women were tortured, raped and killed during the war; the exact numbers are not known and are a subject of debate. Bangladeshi sources cite a figure of 200,000 women raped, giving birth to thousands of war babies. The Pakistan Army also kept numerous Bengali women as sex-slaves inside the Dacca Cantonment. Most of the girls were captured from Dacca University and private homes.